1918 signed President of France Raymond Poincare to President Mario Garcia Menocal. Dated in Paris on March 24, 1918 this letter contains two pages of text. Letter addressed to the Cuban President Mario Garcia Menocal. Raymond Nicolas Landry Poincaré (20 August 1860 15 October 1934) was a French statesman who served three times as 58th Prime Minister of France, and as President of France from 1913 to 1920. He was a conservative leader, primarily committed to political and social stability. Trained in law, Poincaré was elected as a Deputy in 1887 and served in the cabinets of Dupuy and Ribot. In 1902, he co-founded the Democratic Republican Alliance, the most important centre-right party under the Third Republic, becoming Prime Minister in 1912 and serving as President of the Republic for 1913-20. He attempted to wield influence from what was normally a figurehead role, being noted for his strongly anti-German attitudes, visiting Russia in 1912 and 1914 to repair Franco-Russian relations, which had become strained over the Bosnian Crisis of 1908 and the Agadir Crisis of 1911, and playing an important role in the July Crisis of 1914. From 1917, he exercised less influence as his political rival Georges Clemenceau had become Prime Minister. At the Paris Peace Conference, he favoured Allied occupation of the Rhineland. By this time Poincaré was seen, especially in the English-speaking world, as an aggressive figure (Poincaré-la-Guerre) who had helped to cause the war in 1914 and who now favoured punitive anti-German policies. His government was defeated by the Cartel des Gauches at the elections of 1924. He served a third term as Prime Minister in 1926-9. Aurelio Mario Gabriel Francisco García Menocal y Deop (December 17, 1866 September 7, 1941) was the 3rd President of Cuba, serving from 1913 to 1921. His terms as president saw Cuba’s participation in World War I. Born in Jagüey Grande, Matanzas, Cuba, García Menocal was thirteen when he was sent to boarding schools in the United States, first at the Chappaqua Mountain Institute in New York, and later at the Maryland Agricultural College. In 1884, he then went to Cornell University where he graduated in 1888 from the School of Engineering. While at Cornell University, he was a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity (Delta Chi Chapter). As a young man he was involved in Cuba’s fight for independence from Spain. When Cuba did receive independence following the SpanishAmerican War, García Menocal became a leading conservative politician. Mario García Menocal was elected President in 1912 and became known for his strong support of business and corporations. He was reelected in 1916, though the election was challenged by the liberals. In perhaps his most notable action, García Menocal authorized Cuba’s declaration of war against the German Empire on April 7, 1917, entering World War I a day after the United States. This was believed by many to be an attempt to get the United States to give more support to his government. In December, war was also declared against Austria-Hungary. While in office, García Menocal hosted the 1920 Delta Kappa Epsilon National Convention, the first international fraternity conference outside the US, which took place in Cuba. Private trains were hired from New England to Florida where the invited men and their families could travel in comfort and style, and upon arrival in Cuba each man was gifted a gold-trimmed box of cigars. García Menocal’s hospitality is still remembered in the fraternity to this day. Condition; document is in very good condition with some wear. The item “1918 signed President of France Raymond Poincare to President Mario Menocal” is in sale since Monday, October 26, 2020. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Autographs\Historical”. The seller is “old_world_collectibles” and is located in Toronto, Ontario. This item can be shipped worldwide.
- Original/Reproduction: Original
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