1897 Spanish Colonial Antilles War of Independence Signed by Major General CALIXTO GARCIA INIGUEZ. Dated in San Luis, Cuba on October 4, 1897. One page of text. 8 1/2 x 12 1/2 inches. Calixto Garcia was one of the most significant Cuban Independence Heroes. This beautiful document as written during the Cuban war of independence. Calixto García Íñiguez (August 4, 1839 December 11, 1898) was a Cuban general in three Cuban uprisings, part of the Cuban War for Independence: Ten Years’ War, the Little War and the War of 1895, itself sometimes called the Cuban War for Independence, which bled into the SpanishAmerican War, ultimately resulting in national independence for Cuba. Around the age of 18, taking after his grandfather, García joined with a Cuban uprising which became the first war of independence Ten Years’ War. García fought against Spanish colonial rule for five years until his capture. Far from his troops, protected only by a small detail who soon lay dead or dying around him, Garcia in an attempt to avoid giving the Spanish the satisfaction of his seizure shot himself under the chin with a. Although the bullet went out of his forehead and knocked him unconscious, he survived; the wound, which left a great scar, and gave him headaches for the rest of his life. When the Spanish authorities came to Holguín to inform Calixto’s mother, Lucía Iñíguez, she said that he wasn’t her son. When the officials explained to her Calixto tried to commit suicide, she replied that he was her son, first dead than captured! He was imprisoned until the Pact of Zanjón and the end of the Ten Years’ War, was signed in 1878. García travelled to Paris and New York between imprisonments. In keeping to his quest, García joined with Maceo in the Little War from 1879 to 1880 as well as the 1895 War for Independence. He, and at least three sons, separately escaped Spain and arrived with a well-supplied expedition in 1896. In that last conflict he succeeded Maceo, once his subordinate in the Ten Years’ War, as the second in command in the Cuban Army. Garcia had a long string of victories in this war, which included the taking of Tunas and Guisa, and the emotionally significant re-occupation of Bayamo. García made liberal use of spies to prepare for his attacks. These include Dominador de la Guardia father of Ángel de la Guardia and María Machado, illegitimate daughter of Spanish General Emilio March who helped prepare the taking of Tunas; Frederick Funston later US Major General and José Martí y Zayas Bazán son of José Martí the major Cuban National Hero directed artillery; Mario García Menocal a to-be president of Cuba who was wounded in a principal assault. Angel de la Guardia, also a major Cuban national hero, died in this battle on August 30, 1897. At the time of the U. Landings, García, with skilled use of mobile artillery, controlled the interior of old Oriente Province, and prepared the landing places for the U. His troops effectively supported the Marine forces at Guantanamo who, once out of range of the guns of the USS Marblehead, had difficulty dealing with Spanish guerrilla tactics. He was the general who dealt with the American troops and joined them in military actions, only to be denied entrance into Santiago de Cuba when the Spaniards surrendered. García died of pneumonia at age 59 on December 11, 1898, while on a diplomatic mission in Washington, D. Condition; document is in very good condition with some wear. Welcome to Old World Collectibles INVENTORY SALE!! We will be auctioning our current inventory in its entirety during the month of August! All items starting at. 99c with No Reserve. Follow us daily for new listings to secure great deals. The item “1897 Antilles War of Independence Signed Major General CALIXTO GARCIA INIGUEZ” is in sale since Wednesday, October 28, 2020. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Autographs\Historical”. The seller is “old_world_collectibles” and is located in Toronto, Ontario. This item can be shipped worldwide.
- Autograph Authentication: Dariusz Wojcik Authentication (DWA)
- Original/Reproduction: Original
- Signed by: Calixto García Íñiguez