1936 Poland Signed Letter by Longest Serving Polish President IGNACY MOSCICKI. Ignacy Mocicki (1 December 1867 2 October 1946) was a Polish chemist, politician, and President of Poland from 1926 to 1939. He was the longest serving President in Poland’s history. Written in French at the Royal Palace in Warsaw dated May 11, 1936 this letter contains 2 pages of text. Diplomatic Correspondence addressed to the President of Cuba Jose Agripino Barnet. Ignacy Mocicki was born on 1 December 1867 in Mierzanowo, a small village near Ciechanów, Congress Poland. After completing school in Warsaw, he studied chemistry at the Riga Polytechnicum. There he joined the Polish underground leftist organization, Proletariat. In 1896 he was offered an assistantship at the University of Fribourg in Switzerland. There he patented a method for cheap industrial production of nitric acid. In 1912 Mocicki moved to Lemberg (Polish: Lwów; modern Lviv, Ukraine), in the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria within the Austro-Hungarian Empire, where he accepted a chair in physical chemistry and technical electrochemistry at the Lemberg Polytechnic.  In 1925 he was elected rector of the Lwów Polytechnic (as it was now called), but soon moved to Warsaw to continue his research at the Warsaw Polytechnic. After Józef Pisudski’s May 1926 coup d’état, on 1 June 1926, Mocicki an erstwhile associate of Pisudski’s in the Polish Socialist Party was elected president of Poland by the National Assembly, on Pisudski’s recommendation (after Pisudski himself refused the office). As president, Mocicki was subservient to Pisudski, never openly showing dissent from any aspect of the Marshal’s leadership. After Pisudski’s death in 1935, Pisudski’s followers divided into three main factions: those supporting Mocicki as Pisudski’s successor; those supporting General Edward Rydz-migy; and those supporting Prime Minister Walery Sawek. With a view to eliminating Sawek from the game, Mocicki concluded a power-sharing agreement with Rydz-migy, which saw Sawek marginalized as a serious political player by the end of the year. As a result of this agreement, Rydz-migy would become the de facto leader of Poland until the outbreak of the war, while Mocicki remained influential by continuing in office as president. Mocicki was the leading moderate figure in the regime, which was referred to as the “colonels’ government” due to the major presence of military officers in the Polish government. Mocicki opposed many of the nationalist excesses of the more right-wing Rydz-migy, but their pact remained more or less intact. Mocicki remained president until September 1939, when he was interned in Romania and was forced by France to resign his office. He transferred the office to General Bolesaw Wieniawa-Dugoszowski, who held it for only one day before General Wadysaw Sikorski and the French government ousted him in favor of Wadysaw Raczkiewicz. In December 1939 Mocicki was released and allowed to move to Switzerland, where he remained through World War II. He died at his home near Geneva on 2 October 1946. Condition; document is in very good condition with some wear. The item “1936 Poland Signed Letter by Longest Serving Polish President IGNACY MOSCICKI” is in sale since Thursday, February 20, 2020. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Autographs\Historical”. The seller is “old_world_collectibles” and is located in Toronto, Ontario. This item can be shipped worldwide.
- Country/Region of Manufacture: Poland
- Original/Reproduction: Original
- Signed by: Ignacy Mocicki
- Autograph Authentication: Dariusz Wojcik Authentication (DWA)